In the last two years, I have been conducting a personal case study involving the glide and rotational techniques performed in shot putting. In this personal study, I took a glider with six years of experience that had thrown 17.23m with the technique, and started working a glide/spin combo throwing protocol for all implements for entire practices. My findings, after thousands of throws, showed that using the spin technique averaged 11-11.5% better than the glides taken during the practice sessions. This led me to strongly believe that women shot putters could once again approach the distances achieved by men in the event. The women of this country will simply have to make the same transition the men did roughly twenty years ago.
In the early days, the spin technique emerged when gliders began experimenting with new methods of throwing the shot put. At first, the distance between the two techniques wasn’t great. The majority of throws taken with the spin were the same or no more than two feet farther than the glide. Yet, as testing became stronger, throwers became weaker and more guys started playing with the spin. The result of the experimenting with the new technique was that the distance between the two systems started to expand.
At some point, rumors of guys putting 10′ on top of their standing throw started to surface, which was very hard to believe at the time. Then the next generation of rotational throwers started talking about their full throw as being 12’–14′ further than their standing throws, and 10′ on a standing throw became an accepted number. This is significant because the glide in the past required certain qualities to throw 70’–73′. It mainly demanded a large standing throw because a glider could typically only add 4′ to 7′ on top of their standing throw, which required a 72′ glider to have at least a 65′ to 68′ standing throw to attain that distance. Although making a standing throw that great seems hard to believe in this day and age, 65′ to 68′ standing throws were commonplace at the world class level during the 80s and early 90s. I have not seen an American 65’+ standing throw in 20 years.
The influence of steroids on this era were made clear in a report compiled in the former East Germany. Under a state-supported drug regimen, the average male thrower was expected to improve in a four year time period 2.5m–4m in the shot, 10m–12m in the disc and 6m–10m in the hammer. The women were expected to improve in four years: 4.5m –5m in the shot, 11–20m in the disc, and 8m–15m in the javelin.These are the former DDR numbers who’s state-supported system developed and tracked these increases to the Stasi. Therefore, men who threw 62′ to 65′ throws clean, could make the jump to 70’–73′ with the glide, and become world class throwers within weeks. However, during the 1990s when testing became better, the big standing throws went away and so did the big gliders in America. This is what happened, and the USA–maybe unknowingly– made the adjustment to the spin.
Due to the big standing throws falling about 2–2.5m from what it used to be, the men in this country turned to the rotational method to make up the distance lost. Because of that change, American men broke the 22m barrier clean, which many people still refused to believe. In my estimation, there have been six men to throw over 22m clean in this country with the rotational method. It is safe to say that after the rotational technique evolved in this country, the glide is not what is used to be, even on a world level. All one has to do is look at the amount of world class gliders from the 80′s and early 90′s compared to today. The male 70′ glider is definitely an endangered species–much like a high jumper still using the Western Roll was when the Fosbury Flop [Throwholics: or Brill Bend] took over.
Many say this is a different deal with the women, but I say it has not been explored fully enough. The women throw a 4kg ball. So the bodyweight to implement ratio is much different than the men. However, the standing throw to full throw differential is about the same. Just like the men, 115% on standing throw is considered great gliding. Still, the clean 70′ throw for women most likely has not been done yet. World class gliding for women takes one of two great physical qualities. These characteristics involve a very big tall athletic woman (6′ 3″ to 6′ 6″ and 220 to 300 lbs) or a girl with a golden arm very much like the skinny kid that throws the 95 mph fastball. I have seen a couple of golden arms in Terri Cantwell and Michelle Carter in this country. Both these women could stand 59’–61′ without world class strength levels, but these athletes are very rare. The only women we should consider for the glide shot technique are these two types of women. If you do not have a big standing throw, you will have a hard time reaching world class female levels in the shot. Now, question is what do we do with all the women that don’t have huge standing throws or huge levers and mass? Make spinners out of them. Jill Camarena made the change from a 59′ glider to a 66′ spinner. Jill was the one thrower that made me take a very serious look into women with rotational technique.
All it will take is 1,000s of girls working at it from a young age, and it will happen. If guys can go 12’–15′ on standing throw, there is no valid reason why women can’t do this also. It’s just going to take one girl to break through like the men did years ago. The first step to this process is getting high school girls throwing a 3kg shot to develop the CNS pathways to throw a shot far. Training for the 3kg would require work with a 2kg, which would also further teach our girls how to throw something far. So when the young girls are ready step up to the 4kg, it’s just a matter of building physical and specific strength through lifting and throwing heavy implements before they are able to match the collegiate men. We need high school girls throwing 20m with the 3kg. The more girls that can accomplish this the more likely we will produce better marks at the next level.
The main concern with the execution of this theory would be establishing a throwing system that teaches high school coaches how to coach and teach the rotational method before the girls reach the college ranks. Then the cream will rise to the top and a 70′ will emerge years later from the system.
With the rotational shot technique, women should follow what the men have accomplished with the spin in the last twenty years. The glide for the men in this country has became obsolete with the explosion of male rotational throwers who reach “drug era” distances without using drugs. The same will happen for the women if the necessary steps are taken. I am convinced that a 21m throw could spring out of the hands of a female spin shot putter someday in this decade. Who will be the first is an unknown at this point, but it can be done.
Make no mistake about it, and as much as the Europeans like to point to one or two guys throwing far with the glide, our NCAA system produces 19m, 20m, 21m throwers like a machine. This we are doing right; however, my next article will be on what we are not doing and need to do in the disc. How to make up those 80s and early 90s discus differentials.